punish

I
(Roget's IV) v.
Syn. discipline, correct, chastise, chasten, castigate, penalize, sentence, train, reprove, scold, lecture, fine, incarcerate, imprison, immure, expel, execute, exile, behead, hang, electrocute, dismiss, disbar, disbench, defrock, whip, masthead, keelhaul, smite, spank, paddle, beat, thrash, trounce, flog, birch, switch, cuff, inflict penalty, visit punishment, blacklist, blackball, make an example of, give it to*, come down hard on*, attend to*, crack down on*, make it hot for*, pitch into*, give a dressing-down*, light into*, lick*, bring to book*, teach one a lesson*, lower the boom*, ground*, throw the book at*, give one one's comeuppance*, give what for*, fix*; see also banish 1 , beat 2 , censure , imprison , kill 1 , scold .
Syn.- punish implies the infliction of some penalty on a wrongdoer and generally connotes retribution rather than correction [ to punish a murderer by hanging ] ; discipline suggests punishment that is intended to control or to establish habits of self-control [ to discipline a naughty child ] ; correct suggests punishment for the purpose of overcoming faults [ to correct unruly pupils ] ; chastise may imply severe rebuke or, more usually, corporal punishment and connotes both retribution and correction; castigate now implies punishment by severe public criticism or censure [ to castigate a corrupt official ] ; chasten implies the infliction of tribulation in order to make obedient, meek, subdued, etc. [ ""He chastens and hastens His will to make known'', a chastening experience ]
II
(Roget's 3 Superthesaurus) v.
penalize, discipline, correct, chasten, chastise, teach a lesson, castigate, reprove, *come down hard on, *lower the boom on, fine, sentence, whip, flog, beat, thrash, torture, *slap one's wrist.
ANT.: reward, praise, commend
III
(Roget's Thesaurus II) verb To subject (one) to a penalty for a wrong: castigate, chastise, correct, discipline, penalize. See REWARD.

English dictionary for students. 2013.

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  • punish — [pun′ish] vt. [ME punischen < extended stem of OFr punir < L punire, to punish < poena, punishment, penalty: see PENAL] 1. to cause to undergo pain, loss, or suffering for a crime or wrongdoing 2. to impose a penalty on a wrongdoer for… …   English World dictionary

  • Punish — Pun ish, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Punished}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Punishing}.] [OE. punischen, F. punir, from L. punire, punitum, akin to poena punishment, penalty. See {Pain}, and { ish}.] 1. To impose a penalty upon; to afflict with pain, loss, or… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • punish — pun·ish / pə nish/ vt 1: to impose a penalty on for a fault, offense, or violation 2: to inflict a penalty for the commission of (an offense) in retribution or retaliation or as a deterrent vi: to inflict punishment pun·ish·abil·i·ty /ˌpə ni shə… …   Law dictionary

  • punish — punish, chastise, castigate, chasten, discipline, correct mean to inflict pain, loss, or suffering upon a person for his sin, crime, or fault. Punish implies imposing a penalty for violation of law, disobedience of authority, or intentional… …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

  • punish — mid 14c., from O.Fr. puniss , extended prp. stem of punir to punish, from L. punire inflict a penalty on, cause pain for some offense, earlier poenire, from poena penalty, punishment (see PENAL (Cf. penal)). Colloquial meaning to inflict heavy… …   Etymology dictionary

  • punish — [v] penalize for wrongdoing abuse, attend to, batter, beat, beat up, blacklist, castigate, chasten, chastise, correct, crack down on*, cuff, debar, defrock, discipline, dismiss, do in, execute, exile, expel, fine, flog, give a going over*, give… …   New thesaurus

  • punish — ► VERB 1) impose a penalty on (someone) for an offence. 2) impose a penalty on someone for (an offence). 3) treat harshly or unfairly. DERIVATIVES punishable adjective. ORIGIN Latin punire, from poena penalty …   English terms dictionary

  • punish — pun|ish [ˈpʌnıʃ] v [T] [Date: 1300 1400; : Old French; Origin: punir, from Latin punire, from poena; PAIN1] 1.) to make someone suffer because they have done something wrong or broken the law →↑punishment, punitive ↑punitive ▪ Smacking is not an… …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • punish — [[t]pʌ̱nɪʃ[/t]] punishes, punishing, punished 1) VERB To punish someone means to make them suffer in some way because they have done something wrong. [V n] I don t believe that George ever had to punish the children... [V n] According to present… …   English dictionary

  • punish — punisher, n. /pun ish/, v.t. 1. to subject to pain, loss, confinement, death, etc., as a penalty for some offense, transgression, or fault: to punish a criminal. 2. to inflict a penalty for (an offense, fault, etc.): to punish theft. 3. to handle …   Universalium

  • punish */*/ — UK [ˈpʌnɪʃ] / US verb [transitive, often passive] Word forms punish : present tense I/you/we/they punish he/she/it punishes present participle punishing past tense punished past participle punished to make someone suffer because they have done… …   English dictionary

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